Physiological Basis For Various Constituents In Survival Rations. Part II. The Efficiency Of Young Men Under Temperature Conditions

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Report Number: WADC TR 53-484 Part 2 Volume 1
Author(s): Sargent, Frederick, II, Sargent, Virginia W., Johnson, Robert E., Stolpe, Stanley G.
Laboratory: Aero Medical Laboratory
Date of Publication: 1955-05
Pages: 402
DoD Task:
Identifier: AD0078282

From February 22, 1954, through April 4, 1954, 87 volunteer airmen and 12 volunteer non-commissioned officers served as subjects in a study of survival rations in moderate cold at Chanute AF3 and in the field at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin. The base laboratory was at McKinley Hospital, University of Illinois, Urbana. To establish physiological, biochemical, nutritional, and clinical judgments on the relative effects of work, water, calories, and protein/carbohydrate/fat ratio in all-purpose survival rations, numerous observations were made in two-week periods of adequate, restricted, and recovery diets, with luxus amounts of vitamins at all times. Starvation and a 3000-Calorie adequate ration represented the worst and best regimens. Twenty nutrient combinations could be rank-ordered, by 21 different tests, with respect to effects on organ function and body efficiency. Clinical findings could also be rated. Below the 3000-Calorie control ration, the highest score was attained both in hard work and in light work by a combination supplying unlimited water, 2000 Calories per day, and a distribution of calories of 15% protein, 52 carbohydrate, and 33% fat. Limitation of water, decrease of calories, or marked deviations in protein/carbohydrate/fat ratios resulted in measurable clinical or functional deterioration.

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