Properties Of Inorganic Energy-conversion And Heat-transfer Fluids For Space Applications

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Report Number: WADD TR 61-96
Author(s): Weatherford, W. D., Jr., Ku, P. M., Tyler, John C.
Corporate Author(s): Southwest Research Institute
Laboratory: Directorate of Materials and Processes
Date of Publication: 1961-11
Pages: 481
Contract: AF 33(616)-7206
DoD Project: 7381
DoD Task: 73812
Identifier: AD0267541

This report is a complete revision of WADC TR 59-598. It is intended to serve as a properties handbook for various inorganic fluids which may have potential value as energy-conversion or heat-transfer fluids for space applications. The fluids are presented as three distinct classes - namely, liquid metals, nonmetals, and gases. The liquid metals include mercury, cesium, rubidium, potassium, NaK(78), sodium, lithium, bismuth, and lead. The nonmetals include aluminum bromide, sulfur, and lithium hydride. The gases include argon, helium, and hydrogen. Data are presented, where available, up to temperatures ranging from 2300°F for mercury to 4500°F for lead, and for pressures ranging from less than one atmosphere to greater than twenty atmospheres. The enumerated properties include vapor pressure, density, viscosity,, surface tension, electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, specific heat, latent heats, enthalpy-entropy relationships, melting point, critical properties, dielectric constant, ionization potential, magnetic susceptibility, thermal neutron cross sections, and corrosion characteristics. The characteristics of the various fluids are discussed, and the recommended values for the fluid properties are presented in either tabular or graphical form, or both, with detailed documentation as to basis an source. In addition, background material, including thermodynamic-cycle, heat-transfer, compatibility, and working fluid considerations is discussed. A summary of current research activities in this field is presented.

Provenance: Lockheed Martin Missiles & Fire Control

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