A Model of the Avian Retina

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Report Number: AMRL TR 67-60
Author(s): Runge, R. G., Viglione, S. S., Uemura, M.
Corporate Author(s): Astropower Laboratory, Missile & Space Systems Division; A Division of Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc.
Laboratory: Aerospace Medical Research Laboratories
Date of Publication: 1967-05
Pages: 94
Contract: AF 33(615)-3726
DoD Project: 7233 - Biological Information Handling Systems and Their Functional Analogs
DoD Task: 723305 - Theory of Information Handling
Identifier: AD0655907

The specific objective of this contract was to construct an electronic model of the avian retina based upon reported physiological and anatomical findings and capable of replicating the specific ganglion functional responses. A critical review of the pertinent physiological and anatomical literature ralting to the retina was performed. The electronic model of the pigeon retina containing the six functional classes of ganglion detectors reported in the literature was constructed. In addition the model incorporates two hypothetical detectors to demonstrate the selective performance that can be achieved with artificial neuron networks. The development of the model has shown that the complex data processing of the retina can be functionally duplicated. The results of this work could lead to the design of an effective visual data preprocessor which would operate into a self-organizing decision network to yield a multilayer optical pattern recognition system.

Provenance: RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine

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