Investigation of the Effects of Gusts on V/STOL Craft in Transition and Hover

Download this report (PDF, 4.27 MB, 244 pages)
Report Number: AFFDL TR 68-85
Author(s): Skelton, Grant B.
Corporate Author(s): Honeywell, Inc.
Laboratory: Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory
Corporate Report Number: Honeywell ADG Report 12060-FR1
Date of Publication: 1968-10
Pages: 244
Contract: F33615-67-C-1563
DoD Project: None Given
Identifier: AD0679593

The concern in the work reported is the development of statistical models for the gust environment in the earth's boundary layer for use in determining the gust response characteristics of V/STOL aircraft. A general gust model based upon published gust data was developed, and analyses of V/STOL responses with that model were conducted to determine the gust descriptors significant to V/STOL performance. An interim gust model embodying the significant descriptors was then developed for use in V/STOL gust analyses. Suggestions for meteorological experiments to measure the significant descriptors are made. The significant gust descriptors determined from the analyses are the diagonal terms of the gust covariance tensor, gust probability distributions, mean wind probability distributions, and the dependencies of these statistics on thermal stability, surface roughness, and altitude. Less critical descriptors include the off-diagonal components in the gust covariance tensor and the space-time interplay in that tensor. The significant gusts seen by the aircraft are head-on and vertical gusts on the wings; head-on and vertical gust shears across the wings; head-on, side, and vertical gusts on the tail; and head-on and side gusts on the fuselage. Mean airspeed and sideslip angle are important parameters in V/STOL gust responses. The wing-to-tail transport delay of the gusts in forward flight also has a significant effect. V/STOL gust responses at low airspeeds are generally small due to the low dynamic pressures, and the responses are decidedly nonlinear except at low gust amplitudes.

Provenance: Bombardier/Aero

Other options for obtaining this report:

Via the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC):
A record for this report, and possibly a pdf download of the report, exists at DTIC

Via National Technical Report Library:
This report may be available for download from NTRL. Use the Title from this record to locate the item in DTIC Online

Indications of Public Availability
No digital image of an index entry indicating public availability is currently available
There has been no verification of an indication of public availability from an inside cover statement